Introduced in HTML 5


The HTML Article Element (<article>) represents a self-contained composition in a document, page, application, or site, which is intended to be independently distributable or reusable, e.g., in syndication. This could be a forum post, a magazine or newspaper article, a blog entry, a user-submitted comment, an interactive widget or gadget, or any other independent item of content.

Usage notes:

  • When an <article> element is nested, the inner element represents an article related to the outer element. For example, the comments of a blog post can be <article> elements nested in the <article> representing the blog post.
  • Author information of an <article> element can be provided through the <address> element, but it doesn't apply to nested <article> elements.
  • The publication date and time of an <article> element can be described using the pubdate attribute of a <time> element.

Usage context

Permitted content Flow content
Tag omission None, both the start tag and the end tag are mandatory
Permitted parent elements

Any element that accept flow content. Note that an <article> element must not be a descendant of an <address> element.

Normative document HTML5, section 4.4.4


This element has no other attributes than the global attributes, common to all elements.

DOM Interface

This element implements the HTMLElement interface.


  <h4>A really awesome article</h4>
  <p>Lots of awesome text.</p>



A really awesome article

Lots of awesome text.



  • Desktop
  • Mobile

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 5 4.0 (2.0) 9.0 11.10 4.1
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 2.2 4.0 (2.0) 9.0 11.0 5.0 (iOS 4.2)

See also

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